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Developing a competence framework for nurses in pharmaceutical care: A Delphi study
Nurse Education Today, Volume: 104, Start page: 104926
Swansea University Author: Sue Jordan
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Background: Nurses play an important role in pharmaceutical care. They are involved in: detecting clinical change; communicating/discussing pharmacotherapy with patients, their advocates, and other healthcare pro-fessionals; proposing and implementing medication-related interventions; and ensuring f...
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Background: Nurses play an important role in pharmaceutical care. They are involved in: detecting clinical change; communicating/discussing pharmacotherapy with patients, their advocates, and other healthcare pro-fessionals; proposing and implementing medication-related interventions; and ensuring follow-up of patients and medication regimens. To date, a framework of nurses' competences on knowledge, skills, and attitudes as to interprofessional pharmaceutical care tasks is missing. Objectives: To reach agreement with experts about nurses' competences for tasks in interprofessional pharma-ceutical care. Methods: A two-phase study starting with a scoping review followed by five Delphi rounds was performed. Competences extracted from the literature were assessed by an expert panel on relevance by using the RAND/ UCLA method. The experts (n =22) involved were healthcare professionals, nurse researchers, and educators from 14 European countries with a specific interest in nurses' roles in interprofessional pharmaceutical care. Descriptive statistics supported the data analysis. Results: The expert panel reached consensus on the relevance of 60 competences for 22 nursing tasks. Forty-one competences were related to 15 generic nursing tasks and 33 competences were related to seven specific nursing tasks.
Nursing; Pharmaceutical care; Medicines management; Interprofessional pharmaceutical care; Competences; Education; Knowledge; Skills; Attitudes; Delphi study
College of Human and Health Sciences
The research was supported by the Erasmus+Programme of the European Union (grant number 2018-1-BE02-KA203-046861) and MDMJ Accountants, an accountancy service in Belgium that financially supported the Belgian authors, without any conflicts of interest.